My approach depends on the needs of each client.   Because the client-therapist relationship is the foundation of any successful therapy, my initial focus is always on creating a trusting environment in which clients feel comfortable exploring their lives.  Once trust and rapport have established, this relationship becomes a window into my clients' relationships - both historical and contemporary - and, as such, an essential contributor to lasting change.  Understanding aspects of early relationships is key to alleviating current symptoms and overcoming a wide range of difficulties, whether longstanding or acute. 

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I received my doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Teachers College, Columbia University in 1992.  Prior to that, I earned a Masters degree in Development Across the Lifespan, also from Teachers College, Columbia University.  

I have always had a dual focus:  working with people in crisis who need more immediate and short-term therapy, as well as working with people who want to explore themselves and their struggles in a long-term psychotherapy process.   My private practice includes people with a wide range of issues and problems.  I draw on my training in psychoanalysis and my experience working in such diverse places as The Hebrew University Counseling Service and Crisis Clinic in Israel, Mt. Sinai Hospital's Crisis Clinic in San Francisco,  Teachers College, Columbia University's Counseling Center and at St. Luke's Hospital Inpatient Unit in New York.  

 At both  Naropa University and the Boulder Institute For Psychotherapy and Research I have taught courses and supervised interns in psychodynamically-oriented psychotherapy, with an emphasis on attachment, relationship patterns, and trauma.